Richard Melson

February 2006

ERI China

About the Energy Research Institute

The Energy Research Institute

(hereafter, ERI)

of the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) was established in 1980.

It is a national research organization conducting comprehensive studies on China's energy issues. Since its Commission and the former State Economy Commission. Throughout, it was guided by the Chinese Academy of Sciences in many aspects of its research work. In 1988, ERI was put under the administration of the now former State Planning Commission. Further reforms in 2003 made ERI part of the National Development and Reform Commission. The ERI is also one of 7 research institutes administrated by the Academy of Macro-economic Research (AMR) of the NDRC.

ERI employs 100 staff, with one director-general and three deputy directors. Apart from this, there are 33 senior research posts. ERI is divided into 4 research centers with 3 function divisions and offices.

They are:
• Center for Energy Economy and Development Strategy Research
• Energy Efficiency Center
• Center for Renewable Energy Development
• Center for Energy, Environment and Climate Change Research
• Research Management and International Collaboration Division
• Administration Office
• Human Resource Division

Additionally, ERI is responsible for editing and publishing Energy of China in its offices and owns Beijing Jike New Energy Technology Company.

ERI uses a director-general responsibility system under collective leadership. The director-general and deputy director-general of ERI are directly appointed by the NDRC and the institute uses a competitive method to select staff to fill leadership positions in each of the centers, divisions and offices noted above. Senior research titles are also appointed through competitive openings. Of the 33 senior researchers at ERI, 9 are research professors. In addition, there are more than ten research staffs who have been qualified as senior researchers. Over 80 percent of the staff at ERI conduct research.

2 Principles and scope of research The main principles of research at ERI include:
• To use theoretical and applied scientific principles to construct energy development strategies, planning, policy, law and standards for the Chinese government, and public and private sector clients.
• To conduct cooperative study and academic exchange in energy areas with relevant international agencies, foreign governments, organizations and academic entities;
• To offer relevant consultant services.

The scope of research conducted by ERI has covered each field of energy production, distribution and consumption. The main focus is on soft scientific studies in the fields of energy economy, energy efficiency, energy & environment, and renewable energy.

a) Study on key energy-economic theories and methods, including national and regional issues of energy exploitation (including coal, power, oil, natural gas), development, processing & transform, transmission, end-use and supply & demand balance; energy safety, regional and international cooperation. Much of this work is related to providing input to central and local governments for setting up energy development strategies, development plans and relevant supplementary policies, energy regulations & laws, as well as energy management system reform.
b) Study on the theory and methodology of rational arrangement and utilization of energy resources including key energy conservation strategy and energy conservation planning, as well as policy and measures for promoting energy saving and energy efficiency. Assist government agencies to design and implement energy saving projects and programs. Provide guidelines to assess energy saving projects and auditing. Conduct policy and technology consultation on energy markets and information outreach.
c) Study the pathways and measures for new and renewable energy industrialization at home and abroad; furnish a decision-making base to government agencies for formulating mid-and long-term development plans and relevant industrial policy; disseminate information on new and renewable energy industrialization; and provide technical consultant services to domestic and foreign new and renewable energy enterprises.
d) Study on the theory, methodology, policy and other countermeasures concerning energy & environment issues; provide assistance to relevant domestic departments for making the strategy, policy and countermeasures for energy and environment coordination development; carry out studies on the relationship between energy activities and global climate change in order to inform policy and political dialogue; conduct international cooperation on energy and environment in the fields of emission inventory, modeling tools, and JI mechanisms.

3 Recent primary research projects

National Energy Strategy Plan:
• China Energy Development Strategy Study
• China Mid- & Long-term Energy Development Strategy Study
• China Mid- & Long-term Sustainable Energy Development and Carbon Emission Scenarios Analysis
• China Sustainable Industrial Plan and Policy Adjustment
• Systemic Study on Improving Chinese Energy Statistical Indicators
• Final Oil Products Circulation System Plan

Regional Strategy Plan:
• China Energy Technology Program: Energy End-use Demand Forecast in Shandong Province
• Energy Development Strategy Study in Guangdong Province
• Outline of Energy 10th Five-year Plan in Guangxi
• Energy Base Construction Plan Study in Ningbo
• Energy Plan Study in Shenzhen
• Sustainable Western Energy Strategy Study

Energy Supply (coal, oil, gas and electric power):
• Engaging in Formulation of National 863 Hi-Tech Plan: Following-up Energy and Clean Coal
• China Oil Strategy Study
• China Oil Supply & Demand Situation and Countermeasures Study
• China Utilization of International Oil Resources Strategy and Countermeasures in the 21st Century and Oil Import Strategy Study of Sinopec
• White Book on China Electric Power System Reform
• Policy Study of Incentives for High Efficiency in Electric Power System
• Electric Power Shortage Investigation in the Western and Remote Provinces of China
• China Nuclear Power Development Study
• The Role of Nuclear Power in CO2 Emission Mitigation
• Analysis of Nuclear Power Competition with Other Energy while Considering Nuclear Power Infrastructure
• Natural Gas Demand Forecast and its Utilization Investigation
• Natural Gas Market Investigation in the Yangtze River Delta Areas

Energy Savings
• Study on Outline of China Mid- & Long-term Energy Saving Plan
• Energy Savings Development Framework
• Policy Study on Promoting DSM
• Scenarios Study of Public Benefits Fund and Policy Recommendations

• Study of Financing Mechanisms in China’s Energy Saving Market
• Study for Auditing Standards and Methods
• Investigation Study of Oil Conservation Management Regulations
• Energy Savings in Village & Township Enterprises and GHG Emission Mitigation Program
• UNDP/GEF China’s End-Use Energy Efficiency Program
• UNDP/GEF China Green Lights Program
• WB/GEF China Energy Conservation Promotion Project
• UNIDO Motor Driving System Energy Saving Program

Energy Environment & Climate Changes
• Climate Change Countermeasures Study
• China GHG Emissions Scenario Study
• CO2 Emission Mitigation Policy Options
• Science & Technology Key Research Program in the Period of 9th Five-year Plan of the Ministry of Science and Technology: Study of
China Energy Supply and Major Key Technology Policy Taken by Industrial and Transport Sectors to Address the Climate Changes as well as Action Measures; Study of Technology Transfer Mechanisms; Countermeasures Study of Emission Trade
• UNDP/GEF China Initial National Communications in the Field of Energy, PDF Program of Technical Processing;
• Multi-gas Emission Scenarios Analysis
• Scenarios Analysis of Multi-GHG Emission Mitigation
• Assessment of Clean Development Mechanisms
• Possibility for CDM Application in China
• Relevant Issues Study for the Climate Changes of WG III
• International Comparative Analysis of GHG Emissions in Industrial Sectors

• Development and Climate Changes
• Study of Technology Transfer Mechanisms
• Environment Emission Mitigation Technology Options in the Urban Transport Sector
• Sino-Canadian Climate Changes Cooperation Program: National Communications Capacity Building
• Potential Study of Sino-Japan CDM Cooperation in Electric Power Sector

New and Renewable Energy
• China Renewable Energy Development Action Plan
• China Renewable Energy Mid- & Long-term Development Plan; China Rural Energy Mid- & Long-term Development Plan
• Study of Renewable Energy Legislation
• Study of Renewable Energy RPS
• Renewable Energy Green Certification Trade
• Assessment of China Renewable Energy Technology
• China Biomass Energy Technology and Policy Options
• Study of China Renewable Energy Enterprise Development Financing

• Study of Renewable Energy Public Benefits Fund
• Economy Incentive Policy Study of China Renewable Energy Commercialization Development
• Policy Recommendations of Additional Promotion of Renewable Energy Development in China
• Study of Renewable Energy Planning Methods in Provincial Level
• Renewable Energy Development Plan and Policy Study in China Remote (Western) Areas
• Integrated Policy Study of Wind Power Concession
• China PV Industry Development and Market Study

• Research and Construction of 5KW Power-connected PV Generation Trial System
• Study and Formulation of National Standards for Technology Conditions of Solar Household Use PV Power Source System
• Beijing Renewable Energy Technology Assessment and Policy Study
• WB/GEF China Renewable Energy Scale-Up Development Program
• WB/GEF China Renewable Energy Development Program
• UNDP/GEF China Renewable Energy Development Capacity Building Program

• China Renewable Energy Enterprise Business Development Training Program

Data-base & Modeling Tools Study
• China Energy Data-base
• Integrated Policy Assessment Model for China (IPAC) Study
• Assessment of China GHG Emission Mitigation Countermeasures SGM Model Study and Development
• Study of AIM/Energy Emission Modeling Development and its Application
• Renewable Energy Resources Geographical Information System Development
• UNDP/GEF Renewable Energy Resources Geographical Information System and Data-base Development
• New and Renewable Energy Data-base
• Renewable Energy Resources Data-base Development
• Handbook of China Energy Data

4 International Cooperation ERI has established excellent cooperative research relations with international research organizations such as the International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and a number of research institutes in the United States, Japan, EU, Australia, Korea, Thailand and India. ERI has also conducted numerous cooperative programs with multilateral international organizations such as UNDP, the World Bank, Asian Development Bank and the GEF. ERI has also collaborated with private foundations such as U.S. Energy Foundation and the Shell Foundation.

It has also assisted relevant government agencies to draft energy efficiency cooperation (Annex III), renewable energy industry development Annex IV and renewable energy plan & policy Annex V, all of which are part of the larger Sino-American Science & Technology Cooperation Agreement. Moreover, ERI helped catalyze the signing of these documents. Under these attachment documents, ERI coordinated the arrangement of activities conducted in 10 energy efficiency fields, including co-generation, district heating, industrial process control, high efficiency lights, policy study, information exchange, and financing. It has promoted the exchange among renewable energy circles and entrepreneur training. It conducts renewable energy technology exchange and training, based on the formulation of the 10th Five-year PlanĦħ and the strategy of western area development.

In recent years, ERI has successfully organized several large international workshops focusing on critical energy topics. Some of the most influential include: the Sino-UK Sustainable Development and Energy Workshop; the International Workshop on China Electric Power System Reform; Strategy Partner Cooperation: China Energy Saving Action Workshop, International Workshop of Renewable Energy RPS Policy; Environment, Renewable Energy and Energy Saving Exhibition in 2000; and Workshop on China Renewable Energy Industry Development Financing. ERI also cooperates with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to regularly hold an important Sino-Korea-US Energy and Economic Modeling Workshop each year.

5 Magazine Energy of China magazine is chiefly administrated by the National Development & Reform Commission, and sponsored by ERI. In China’s energy sector, Energy of China is the only one to be publicly issued at home and abroad.

Energy of China was initiated in 1978.

It aims at sharing information on China’s principles, policies and regulations of energy, paying attention to energy hot topics, publishing recent research achievements, discussing reforms implemented in energy state-owned enterprises and sharing experience of listed company operation, and disseminating information on new energy technologies, products and markets.

All contents of this magazine are covered by CNKI and CAJ (CD), and China Academic Journal Comprehensive Evaluate Database also takes it as one of its source periodicals. Meanwhile, the whole content of this publication are available on the Wan-Fang Data website, and the CSTJD includes its contents as well.

More information on Energy of China can be obtained by contacting the publishers at:

Energy of China Publishing House
Room 1403, Guohong Building
Muxidi, Beili, jia No.11
Xicheng District, Beijing 100038

People's Republic of China

6 Beijing Jike Energy New Technology Development Company Beijing Jike Energy New Technology Development Co. was founded and invested by Energy Research Institute, National Development and Reform Commission, in 1992. Jike Co. is one of the company doing business on photovoltaics (PV) and wind/PV hybrid power systems and other renewable energies covering system design, technology research and development, system integration, component manufacturing, sales and afterward service. By now, the Co. has successfully carried out many national R&D program assigned by Chinese Government; designed and developed hundreds of PV systems and relative components. In which many projects were prized by Government.

Jike Co. is one of the leading companies in technology development and experienced in PV system engineering. The business area is as follows:

• Stand-alone PV Village Power Systems and Solar Home Systems
• PV Grid Tied Systems and Solar Buildings
• Engineering of PV-Wind Hybrid Systems
• Software Development for PV and Hybrid Systems
• Manufacturing of Controllers and Inverters
• Testing & Measurement Equipment for Renewable Energy Power Systems
• PV Products: Solar Lightings, Street Lights, Traffic Lights, Yard Lanterns, DC Lights, Solar Hats, Solar Charger for Mobil Phone, etc..
• Design and Engineering for Geothermal Heat Pumps (GHP), the modern air conditioning technology which is energy saving and no pollution. Jike is the sole authorized dealer of US GHP manufacturers today in China and capable to do system design, equipment supply and system installation for the GHP air conditioning engineering.

7 Contact information

B-1518, Jia. No.11, Muxudibeili, Xicheng Dist., Beijing 100038, China
Tel: 86-10-63908576, 86-10-63908568
Fax: 86-10-63908568


China Energy Research Institute

February 2006