Good Muslim, Bad Muslim:
America, the Cold War, and the Roots of Terror
by Mahmood Mamdani
From Publishers Weekly
Osama bin Ladens pronouncements are rarely published in full in the United States, but transcripts of his messages-often available overseas-provide startling insight into the political, rather than religious, nature of his thinking. "Labeling us, and our acts, as terrorism is also a description of you and your acts," bin Laden said recently. "Our acts are a reaction to your acts."
In this meandering rumination on modern-day terrorism, Mamdani takes a
controversial step by agreeing with bin Laden, at least on this point; he argues that
groups like al-Qaeda are generally motivated by legitimate political grievances with U.S.
foreign policy. "In a nutshell," Mamdani writes, "the U.S. government
decided to harness and even to cultivate terrorists" during the latter half of the
Cold War as it sought to roll back the Soviet Unions global influence. Now, with
that legacy coming back to haunt its creators, Mamdani concludes that "no Chinese
wall divides our terrorism from their terrorism. Each tends to
feed the other." These ideas evolved from a series of talks the author gave at New
Yorks Riverside Church in the weeks after 9/11, and the book retains the informality
of those discussions. There are flashes of inspiration, among them a thoughtful
distinction between "political Islam" and "Islamic fundamentalism,"
two terms that are frequently and wrongfully used synonymously. There are also frustrating
digressions, and Mamdani makes few attempts to address potential dissenters. Still,
readers who can overlook these drawbacks will find that this study does make provocative
connections across disciplines and continents-finding similarities, say, between Liberian
and Zionist settlers. Mamdani is searching for big ideas, not nuances, and in this he is
successful, making his book an important contribution to the national discussion on
terrorism and Islam.
Many of the many post-September 11 books probing the causes of Islamic terrorism invoke Samuel Huntington-esque notions about clashes of culture; many of the same books would like to dissociate the "war on terrorism" of the twenty-first century from the more conventional conflicts of the late twentieth century. Both these notions are Mamdani's targets in this book. Politicizing notions of Islam by differentiating between secular, Westernized ("good") Muslims and fanatical, medieval ("bad") Muslims, Mamdani argues, misrepresents the often apolitical character of Islam.
It also dangerously ignores cold war-era American complicity in the turbulence of the Muslim world through the waging of proxy wars, particularly the one in Afghanistan in which, says Mamdani, the CIA created Osama bin Laden.
Those familiar with Noam Chomsky's recent work will likely find some of Mamdani's arguments familiar, particularly his discussion of imperialistic political violence, racism, and the modern state. Where Mamdani is unique and particularly compelling, however, is in drawing on his African-studies background to back up his assertions about violence, terrorism and Islam.
Hardcover: 320 pages
April 20, 2004
November 10, 2005