Richard Melson

March 2006

Russia & Middle East Military

http://www.tau.ac.il/jcss/about.html

http://www.tau.ac.il/jcss/memoranda/memo79.pdf

Dear Friend,

I am pleased to inform you that JCSS Memorandum No. 79,

The Russian Economy and Arms Exports to the Middle East,

by Paul Rivlin, is now available on line.

Russia is one of the largest exporters of arms in the world.

The Russian Economy and Arms Exports to the Middle East

explores the delicate interplay between Russian economics and foreign policy, particularly regarding arms and energy markets. The author examines the economic and political pressures that drive Russia's sales of weapons to the Middle East, including nuclear material to Iran. He also surveys the role that Russia, the largest producer of oil outside the Middle East, plays on international energy markets in an era of rising oil prices.

I hope you find this study of interest.

It can be accessed at:

http://www.tau.ac.il/jcss/memoranda/memo79.pdf.

Sincerely,

Moshe Grundman

Director of Publications

Events 2006:

Date

Event description

March 1, 2006

Three works shared the annual Lt. Col. Meir and Rachel Tshetshik Prize for Strategic Studies on Israel's Security: The Seventh War, a book on the recent Israeli-Palestinian violence by Amos Harel and Avi Issacharoff; Dr. Kobi Michael's study on the role of the army in Israel's transition from war to peace; and Dima Adamsky's study on the involvement of the Soviet army in the War of Attrition. A panel discussion on Israel as it confronts the new Palestinian political landscape, chaired by JCSS Head Dr. Zvi Shtauber, followed the award ceremony. The panelists were Avi Dichter, former head of the GSS, Maj. Gen. (res). Yaakov Amidror, formerly head of research in Military Intelligence and commander of the IDF Military Colleges, and Maj. Gen. (res). Ami Ayalon, former head of the GSS.

Recent Publications

New Book

Shai Feldman and Yiftah Shapir (eds.),

The Middle East Strategic Balance 2003-2004,

Brighton: Sussex, October 2004.

Ephraim Kam,

From Terror to Nuclear Bomb: The Significance of the Iranian Threat,

Tel Aviv: MOD Publishing House and Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies, 2004. (Hebrew).

Shai Feldman and Moshe Grundman, eds.

After the War in Iraq,

Tel Aviv: Ministry of Defense Publishing House and Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies, Tel Aviv University, 2004. (Hebrew).

Memoranda

New: No. 72, October 2004 Aviezer Yaari, Civil Control of the IDF (Hebrew)

Strategic Assessment

New: Volume 7, No. 2 - August 2004

The Disengagement Plan: Political and Security Ramifications, Shlomo Brom

Disengagement, the "Seam" Zone, and Alternative Conflict Management, Shaul Arieli

Exceeding the Boundaries: The Parliamentary Report on Israel's Intelligence System, Ephraim Kam

Four Years after the Withdrawal from Lebanon: Refining the Rules of the Game, Daniel Sobelman

Technology in the Fight against Terrorism, Uzi Eilam

A Response to the Critics of the Geneva Accord, Menachem Klein

AIMS:

The purpose of the Jaffee Center is, first, to conduct basic research that meets the highest academic standards on matters related to Israel's national security as well as Middle East regional and international security affairs. The Center also aims to contribute to the public debate and governmental deliberation of issues that are – or should be – at the top of Israel's national security agenda.

The Jaffee Center seeks to address the strategic community in Israel and abroad, Israeli policymakers and opinion-makers and the general public.

The Center relates to the concept of strategy in its broadest meaning, namely the complex of processes involved in the identification, mobilization and application of resources in peace and war, in order to solidify and strengthen national and international security.

ESTABLISHMENT

The Center for Strategic Studies was founded in 1977 at the initiative of Tel Aviv University. In 1983 the Center was named the Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies--JCSS--in honor of Mr. And Mrs. Mel Jaffee.

Major General (res.) Aharon Yariv former government minister, Member of Knesset, and Director of Military Intelligence, took upon himself, at the University's request, the organization and management of the Center, and headed it until shortly before his death in 1994. Among the primary supporters of JCSS at its founding were Abba Eban, who served as first chairman of its International Board of Trustees, and the late Joseph H.(Buddy) Strelitz, then President of the American Friends of Tel Aviv University and later Chairman of the International Board of Trustees. Funds for the Center's creation were provided mainly by members of the Jewish communities of the United States, who have proved aware of and sensitive to the need for such an institution in Israel.

ORGANIZATION & FUNDING

Organization

The Center is governed by an international and an Israeli Board of Trustees. The International Board is composed of non-Israelis who are appointed by the President and Rector of Tel Aviv University on the recommendation of the Association of American Friends of Tel Aviv University. The Israeli Board of Trustees is appointed by the University President and Rector on the recommendation of the International Board. It is composed half of International Board members and half of University representatives and other Israeli public figures. The Israeli Board meets annually.

The Head of the Center is appointed by the University President and Rector, according to the recommendation of the Israeli Board of Trustees. Assisting the Head of JCSS with the preparation and implementation of the Center's research program is an interdisciplinary Academic Advisory Committee composed of experts in the fields related to the Center's work. An Editorial Board oversees the Center's publication program. The International Board serves in an advisory capacity, while the Israeli Board has both advisory and approval functions with regard to the Center's general policy annual program, and budget.

Funding

The JCSS budget is based largely on the annual interest that accrues from an endowment fund established by the Association of American Friends of Tel Aviv University from contributions made primarily by the Jewish community of the United States. This is supplemented by foundation support and contributions dedicated to specific projects In this way JCSS seeks to ensure for itself the financial independence necessary for its research and other activities.

RESEARCH & PUBLICATIONS

Research

In fulfillment of its aims, JCSS initiates and conducts research on a multiplicity of factors--political, military economic psychological, sociocultural, etc.--that involve strategic issues. Emphasis is placed on those issues relevant to Israeli national security.

The Center maintains a staff of specialists in the various disciplines related to strategic studies. As projects require experts from other institutions in Israel and abroad are employed.

Publications

The Center publishes the results of its research as books journal articles, special reports, JCSS annual, and memoranda. These publications appear in Hebrew and/or in English The books written by the Center's research associates are published by leading university presses and commercial publishers Articles appear in scholarly journals and strategic periodicals. The annual Middle East Military Balance provides broad assessments of major strategic developments in the Middle East as well as data on military, economic, and demographic conditions in all states of the region. Memoranda are brief analyses of timely issues with policy relevant implications. The JCSS Bulletin, published twice yearly, informs friends of the Center as well as colleagues and sister institutions worldwide, about new research publications and events at the Jaffee Center.

In order to safeguard the intellectual freedom of the staff JCSS maintains a position of non-partisanship on issues of public policy. The opinions expressed in any of the JCSS publications are those of the authors; they do not necessarily reflect the views of the Center, its trustees, officers, other staff members, or the organizations and individuals that support its research. Thus, the publication of a work by JCSS signifies that it is deemed worthy of public consideration, but does not imply endorsement of conclusions or recommendations.

INFORMATION CENTER AND LIBRARY

Yoel Kozak
Information Center and Library (dir.)
jcssyk@post.tau.ac.il

The Information Center and Library maintains scholarly collections related to the various projects undertaken by JCSS and its research staff. These include holdings in a number of fields - both traditional and interdisciplinary - such as Political Science, International Relations, Middle East Studies, Military Technology, Geography, Law, Political Economy, Security Studies, and Sociology.

The Information Center also provides up-to-date periodical literature, in the form of daily Newspapers, Weeklies, and Academic Journals (dating from the 1970s to the present), and houses a comprehensive collection of all JCSS Research publications, including Books, Research Series, and Studies. The Library's holdings number some 4,000 volumes, part of which are presents and donations given to the Center . The Information Center carries out intensive use of online information resources and performs online searches on a wide variety of subjects.

The Information Center's top priority is serving the research staff at JCSS. With that, all of the Center's holdings, databases, and services are open to University students, local and foreign researchers, IDF personnel, journalists from Israel and abroad.

New JCSS Memorandum

Moshe Grundman jcss2@POST.TAU.AC.IL

On Behalf Of TAU Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies

jcss2@POST.TAU.AC.IL

Thu, 08 Dec 2005

March 26, 2006