Richard Melson

July 2006

IRHA

http://www.irha-h2o.org

bRAINstorming

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IRHA  Maison Internationale de l’Environnement II 

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"Brainstorming is a useful and popular tool that you can use to develop highly creative solutions to a problem. It is particularly useful when you need to break out of stale, established patterns of thinking, so that you can develop new ways of looking at things. This can be when you need to develop new opportunities, where you want to improve the service that you offer, or when existing approaches just aren't giving you the results you want."

http://www.mindtools.com/brainstm.html

Newsletter no. 18 - May 2006

Dear Rainwater Harvesters,

this edition of bRAINstorming contains news, ideas & information on:

Prizes for Rainwater Harvesting

Rainwater Harvesting - Technology and Techniques

Scary Stories

Publications and Reports

A New Title

We have thought about giving the newsletter a title for a long time. Rainwater harvesting is a useful and popular tool to develop highly creative solutions to water resources problems. Rainwater harvesting can be particularly useful when you need to break out of stale, established patterns of thinking, so that you can develop new ways of looking at things. Rainwater harvesting might help when you need to develop new opportunities, where you want to improve water provision, or when existing approaches just aren't giving you the results you want. bRAINstorming it is.

Rainwater Management included in the Ministerial Declaration of the 4th World Water Forum

The preparatory process for drafting the Ministerial Declaration for the 4th World Water Forum in Mexico in March took place in Geneva over several months. Thanks to intensive lobbying by the IRHA Secretariat with the permanent government missions to the United Nations in Geneva, rainwater management was included in the Ministerial Declaration. The Secretariat would like to express particular thanks to the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Colombia for presenting this subject.

Point 3 state: "We note with interest the importance of enhancing the sustainability of ecosystems and acknowledge the implementation and importance in some regions of innovative practices such as rain water management..."

You can download the Ministerial Declaration , the Local Government Declaration on Water, and more, from:

http://www.worldwaterforum4.org.mx/home/declarations.asp?lan=

Prizes for Rainwater Harvesting

World Bank Prize for IRHA Member

Congratulations are in order for IRHA member, the Rural Africa Water Development Project. RAWDP is a leading household water and sanitation NGO in Nigeria. On 9th May it was named among winners of the 2006 edition of the World Bank Development Marketplace. Out of a total of 118 project proposals selected from an initial 2550 applications; 30 projects were finally selected as winners.

RAWDP's entry titled "Mor-sand Filters for Oil Producing Communities" was top among the thirty proposals selected by the Award jury. A grant of USD190,000 was awarded RAWDP at the grand ceremony presided over by Mr. Paul Wolfowitz, the World Bank President at the bank's headquarters in Washington DC.

Mr. Joachim Ibeziako Ezeji, the RAWDP CEO who pioneered the design of the filter was in attendance. He explained the design and features of the filter to an appreciative jury and global audience. The Mor-sand Filter is an improvement on the Bio-sand filter originally promoted by RAWDP. This project aims to improve the lives of the poor in Nigeria by developing an integrated water quality improvement system that combines the coagulant Moringa (seed) powder with slow sand filtration. When done properly, this method has been proven to reduce bacteria and viruses in water by 99 percent.

The Mor-Sand filter adopts the combined processes of coagulation, predation, absorption and mechanical filtration to remove contaminants from water. Designed and manufactured locally, it will be distributed through community groups, making it available and affordable to the average household. The end result will be improved health among the most vulnerable in the population, increased employment for those who manufacture, sell, transport, and maintain the filters, and increased productivity overall from healthier people.

Joachim participated in IRHA’s "Rainwater harvesting and soil and water conservation for food security" workshop in Kenya last year. You can view the winning project by visiting:

http://web.worldbank.org/

WBSITE/EXTERNAL/OPPORTUNITIES/GRANTS/DEVMARKETPLACE/

0,,contentMDK:20904280~menuPK:620709~

pagePK:180691~piPK:174492~theSitePK:205098,00.html

Malayala Manorama wins IPDC-UNESCO Prize for Rural Communication


The International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC) bureau awarded the 2005 IPDC-UNESCO Prize for Rural Communication, to the Indian daily newspaper Malayala Manorama (circulation: 1.4m copies). This was for its imaginative communication campaign in rural communities aimed at promoting rainwater harvesting and raising awareness among the people of Kerala on the importance of water conservation as a solution to the problem of droughts in the region.

The "Pala Thulli" (Many a Drop) project was launched by the newspaper to inculcate people with a new water culture which would preserve Kerala’s plentiful rainwater and protect rivers and other water sources from drying up. Exhibitions and video shows demonstrating various methods of water conservation were organized throughout the region and attracted huge crowds. A string of creative initiatives bear testimony to the impact of this campaign: colleges, schools and even fire stations have followed Manorama and built their own rainwater harvesting systems.

For more information visit: http://www.manoramaonline.com/

Rainwater Harvesting - Technology and Techniques

Mobile telephone masts signal rain showers (article from the BBC web site)

The signals from mobile phone masts have been used to measure rainfall patterns in Israel, scientists report. A team from the University of Tel Aviv analysed information routinely collected by mobile networks to make their estimates. Writing in the journal Science, the researchers say their technique is more accurate than current methods used by meteorological services. The scientists believe the technique can also measure snowfall, hail or fog.

"It may also be important because if you know there is heavy rainfall - you can warn about floods," The team's method exploits the fact that the strength of electromagnetic signals is weakened by certain types of weather and particularly rain. The data is a by-product of mobile network operators' need to monitor signal strength. If bad weather causes a signal to drop, an automatic system analysing the data boosts the signal to make sure that people can still use their mobile phones. The amount of reduction in signal strength gave the researchers an indication of how much rain had fallen.

When they compared their estimates with measurements from traditional monitoring methods, such as radar and rain gauges, they discovered that the readings from all three closely matched. But overall the new technique seems to give more precise measurements than radar and was able to monitor a greater area. "It was win-win because we got both coverage and accuracy," said Professor Messer-Yaron. The team from Tel Aviv University believes one of the advantages of its method is that it can measure rainfall at the surface and the technique therefore gives an accurate picture of the weather on the ground.

At the moment, meteorological services have to use rain gauges, which are expensive and therefore not widespread. But the information necessary for this novel approach is effectively free, continuous and comes from a dense network of masts that already span almost the entire globe. The next step for the team is to make use of the mobile phone users themselves - to start analysing their signal data to see if even greater accuracies can be achieved.

For the full news story see:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/go/em/fr/-/2/hi/science/nature/4974542.stm

Vetiver - a plant to aid Rainwater Harvesting

Shree Padre writes an article on the Vetiver plant which helps to reduce rainwater run-off and soil erosion whilst aiding moisture conservation in the soil.

Recalls John Greenfield, "When I was introducing the vetiver system in Kabbinala and other areas, especially down in Karnataka, I introduced it by saying 'We have a technology that can improve your yields by 15-50%, that is permanent, once established, costs nothing and will drought proof your crops'. Then I go on with the explanation of how vetiver hedges conserve runoff and increase the moisture in the soil. Farmers are not interested in spending money on "soil conservation". Vetiver hedges providing moisture conservation are of course preventing soil erosion; you just don't need to mention it."

He adds, "We have got to revive the fact in the farmers' minds that crop plants are dependent not on the amount of rainfall, but on the soil moisture which the rainfall provides - excessively heavy falls under traditional methods of cultivation are lost by surface runoff and evaporation and are therefore relatively ineffective. Vetiver hedges hold back runoff for a great distance behind the hedge, they also prevent the loss of organic matter (farmyard manure) as we were able to show farmers down in our Karnataka project - they could see the benefit of that, we never mentioned soil conservation."

Are these vetiver hedges in any way better than contour bunds? "Certainly", elaborates John Greenfield. "A bund diverts runoff to the drainage network, thus denying the rain-fed farm the full benefit of the rainfall it gets. The area immediately in front of the bund rarely gets sufficient moisture for crop growth. The vetiver hedge holds the rainfall back, spreads it out and gives it a chance to soak in to the ground as stored moisture. Excess runoff filters through the hedge and carries on down the slope at greatly reduced speed, but wetting all the ground as nature intended it to do."

For the full article by Shree Padre visit: http://www.indiatogether.com/2006/may/env-vetiver.htm

Indonesia: A simple solution for Drinking Water makes a big financial and health difference

Boiling water becomes a thing of the past for people in Jakarta, Indonesia as a new, easy-to-use, cost-effective, and time-saving water treatment solution increases in popularity. "Air Rahmat" or "gift water" is a breakthrough water purification technology, decontaminates water for drinking, and reduces health risks among women and children. It could easily be used for drinking rainwater. 100-millilitre bottle of Air Rahmat costs less than 50 cents and can treat approximately 660 litres of water – the average amount used in a household of four in one month.

For more information see:

http://www.adb.org/water/actions/ino/simple-solution.asp

Rainfall harvesting saves water for "not-so- rainy" days

By Carmon McCain, High Plains Underground Water Conservation District, Texas

Collecting rainwater from roofs and storing it for future use is a practical method to save water for "not-so-rainy days," says Texas Cooperative Extension Water Programs Specialist Mike Mecke of Fort Stockton.

Water conservation is becoming increasingly important in Texas as the state’s population is expected to double by 2050, while water supplies remain the same or decline due to decline in some aquifers. "Given this fact, we must protect our surface and ground water resources from pollution and overuse. Rainwater harvesting is one way to maximize the benefits of precipitation," says Mecke.

Early rainwater harvesting systems were dismantled and forgotten by younger generations. Mecke says rainfall harvesting is "an old technology that is new again." Current interest in this conservation practice is being sparked by increasing demand for a decreasing water supply, rising economic and environmental costs to develop new water sources, water quality issues, storm water runoff issues, and drought concerns.

Many businesses and homeowners across Texas rely upon rainwater harvesting to meet their entire water needs… (and have) installed low-flow shower heads and faucets, a low-flow toilet, an on-demand hot-water recirculation system, and have used native/low water use plants in their landscape.

"The payback time on investment in a rainfall harvesting system depends upon the size and complexity of the system, the use of the water (landscape or potable water use), and whether or not it is installed by a contractor," says Mecke. "However, the personal knowledge and satisfaction of saving more valuable drinking water has to be to one of the major benefits of rainfall harvesting projects. In my opinion, that may be more important in the long run than any dollar amount figure," he says.

"Too many generations have grown up thinking that we have an inexpensive, dependable water supply. We turn on the faucet and out it flows without any interruptions. However, water conservation will be an essential way of life for our young people in the future if state-wide population increases as expected and water supplies decrease," he says.

For the full story go to: http://www.hpwd.com/news/story.asp?qsNewsID=90

Scary story - 1

'Current Science' warns river-linking may change monsoon rains

More than 250 mega dams will be built in the Indian government's scheme to link 37 of its major rivers and direct the huge amount of water to water scarce regions. However, a newly published study points to many defects in the plan. It says the reduced run-off to the Bay of Bengal would change the duration and amount of monsoon rainfall, the source of 70% of India's rain. A large reduction in the flow of sediments to the Bay would also change coastal ecology. The study's authors say that scheme's effects haves been poorly researched and call for rigorous scientific study.

You can read the complete report on:

http://www.downtoearth.org.in/cover_nl.asp?mode=4

Scary story – 2

African economies are the least equipped to deal with regular drought

According to economists, many African economies, which largely rely on agricultural revenue, are the least equipped to deal with the devastating impact of regular drought. About 43 % of Africa's land surface is arid and low rainfall is considered a normal fact of life. However, drought, which used to occur on average every five to six years, has been happening more frequently over the last 12 years. It is the single most important natural hazard in terms of shattered livelihoods, starvation, deaths and nutrition-related diseases on the continent. Beyond the human cost, drought in Africa causes economic losses of tens of millions of dollars and can reverse years of national development gains.

For the whole scary story, visit:

http://www.alertnet.org/

thenews/newsdesk/IRIN/d4375ab7c2a3244be8215a91c0081144.htm

Scary story – 3

Climate Change would worsen Asia’s poverty, energy expert tells ADB

"Asian countries will have to individually and collectively evaluate the trade-offs between climate change action and nearer term needs of hunger and air and water pollution," says R.K. Pachauri, Chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Pachauri recommends the development of coping strategies for three crucial sectors - land resources, water resources, and food productivity.

Full story on:

http://www.adb.org/media/Articles/2006/9481-regional-environment

Scary story – 4

One third of Africans lack drinking water

One third of the African population has no clean drinking water and almost half of African people have health problems due to a lack of clean drinking water. This was noted in a report released at the 13th Congress of the African Water Association (AFWA) held in Algeria under the theme: "Water and sanitation: what strategies to meet the challenges of the millennium?"

If the current situation can't be improved, at least 17 African countries will suffer from a severe water shortage by 2010. The water shortage could also lead to clashes between some countries in the region, the report warns. Africa has abundant water resources amounting to 5.4 trillion cubic meters, but only 4 percent of them have been developed and utilized because of the lack of funds and facilities

The African Development Bank is mobilizing USD 500 million (EUR 415 million) until 2007 to finance clean water projects and a social hygiene programme to benefit rural regions in Africa, while the World Bank should launch a social program this year entitled, "Water initiative for rural regions in Africa."

More information on:

http://www.caae2006.com/english/index_en.html

ADB to double Water Investments in the next 5 years

The Asian Development Bank expects to double its investment in the water sector in 2006-2010. The new Water Financing Programme will increase investments to over USD 2 billion annually, and ensure that substantial funds, reforms, and capacity development programmes are directed at rural communities, cities and river basins. Can new financing modalities, products and processes ensure the success of this new programme? Will anyone think of rainwater harvesting within IWRM?

Read more on:

http://www.adb.org/Water/Operations/WFP/default.asp

Happy 20th Birthday to the Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy

IRHA would like to wish the Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy (IATP) a happy 20th birthday. IATP promotes resilient family farms, rural communities and ecosystems around the world through research and education, science and technology, and advocacy. Ms. Shiney Varghese sends out regular information under the "Right to Water" list service and this includes the IRHA newsletter. IRHA joins IATP in its whole-hearted belief that access to clean water should be a basic human right. For full information on the IATP’s activities or to sign up for one of their regular list services, go to: www.iatp.org .

Condolences to the family of John Kiongo Mbugua

IRHA wishes to pass on its condolences to the family of Mr. John Kiongo Mbugua who passed away in his hotel during the 4th World Water Forum in Mexico City. John was a prodigious trainer, implementer and facilitator of rainwater harvesting projects and programmes in Kenya and Africa. He was a former African Director of the International Rainwater Catchment Systems Association.

New Web Site for the International Water Association and its Rainwater Harvesting Taskforce

On 1st May, IWA went live with its new website. The new site reflects a clearer visual design, simpler navigation between the main pages of use, and an easy-to-use feel. Some sections have undergone change, such as the way specialist group information is represented; some sections are entirely new (such as ‘resources’), providing information to potential members about the work, role and activities of the Association’s members.

IWA is progressively loading more material onto the site to provide better access to key information for its members and other stakeholders. This includes details of the impact of its technical work, access to IWA publishing and on line materials and important governance resources like copies of its strategic plan, annual reports, and other documents. http://www.iwahq.org is also the home of IWA’s Rainwater Harvesting Taskforce.

For details of the 5th IWA Biennial World Water Congress, taking place in Beijing 2006. http://www.iwa2006beijing.com

Publications & Reports

A new report titled "Water for Food - Water for Profit",

commissioned by Bread for the World (Germany),

and three Briefing Papers look at the water policy of the World Bank.

They are the latest additions to a series of papers,

backing the campaign "Water as a Human Right".

See: http://www.menschenrechtwasser.de/index_ENG.php .

The author Uwe Hoering outlines how the Bank systematically uses its influence on the water
policies in many developing countries to promote:
-the construction of new mega dams and other big hydraulic infrastructure,
-the privatization in irrigation agricuulture,
-and the introduction of economic waterr management instruments like cost recovery and tradable water rights.

These policies contradict the needs for a sustainable agricultural development. Illustrated by a case study of Ethiopia, the study shows that priority should be given to erosion control, rainwater harvesting and small scale agriculture to achieve an economically, socially and ecologically sustainable rural development. But commercialization and privatization in agriculture, which is being promoted by the World Bank, further marginalizes small scale farmers, cutting them off from access to water, land and
income. Thus, poverty and food insecurity will increase.

"More Crop Per Drop" (to be published in July 2006) is an analytical summary and a critical synthesis of research at the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) spanning the past decade. The book generates a new way of looking at the water issues within the broader development context of food, livelihood, health and environmental challenges. Carefully weaved with contributions from some well known experts from IWMI, this volume brings together the acquired wisdom and dominant thinking on some of the most challenging issues of our times. It describes new tools, approaches and methodologies and also illustrates them with practical application both from a global perspective as well as in the local and regional contexts of Asia and Africa. You will be able to order it via www.iwahq.org .

The Asian Development Bank’s "Linking Poverty Reduction and Water Management" report from March 2006 analyses links between water and poverty, and outlines the ways in which improvements to water management can advance the cause of poverty reduction.

Read more on: http://www.adb.org/Water/Knowledge-Center/Books/PEP.pdf

The 2nd triennial United Nations World Water Development Report (WWDR) entitled "Water, a shared responsibility" is now available online. The WWDR is a joint undertaking of 24 UN agencies comprising UN-Water in partnership with governments and other stakeholders, and coordinated by WWAP. It provides an up-to-date global overview of the state and uses of freshwater, critical water-related problems and societies' coping mechanisms. Drawing on expert analysis, case studies, and hundreds of graphic elements, it is the most comprehensive undertaking to date of freshwater assessment, providing a mechanism for monitoring changes in the resource and its management and progress towards achieving development targets, particularly the UN Millennium Development Goals.

Access the full WWDR2 online: http://www.unesco.org/water/wwap/wwdr2/table_contents.shtml
or order a hard copy at: http://publishing.unesco.org/details.aspx?&Code_Livre=4443&change=E

The World Water Assessment Programme, the Global Water Partnership,

UNDP and UNEP co-organized a day session on "The Inclusion of IWRM in National Plans" at the 4th World Water Forum. It has been shown that an IWRM approach will be critical for achieving many of the UN Millennium Development Goals, including those related not only to health, but also to poverty and hunger eradication, education, women’s empowerment, environmental sustainability and global partnership for development.

The session aimed to examine to what extent and how countries have adopted and implemented the principles of IWRM, provide an overview of on-going monitoring activities regarding IWRM planning and implementation, and develop a set of conclusions and recommendations as to how best to promote the inclusion of IWRM in national planning. The report and conclusions of this session are now available online.

You can read the session report on: http://www.unesco.org/water/news/pdf/wwf4_report_iwrm.pdf

Yet more Rainwater Newsletters

The success of IRHA’s electronic newsletter has spawned yet another – imitation being the sincerest form of flattery.

The first issue of the International Rainwater Catchment Systems Association’s "Raindrop" is available on http://raindrop.philwatershed.org

The Rainwater Harvesting Association of Zimbabwe’s new "RHAZ Drops" is available by writing to rhazmvuranaya@zol.co.zw .

Issue 3 of SEARNET’s e-newsletter, is available on: http://www.searnet.org/enewsletter/enewsletter3.html ,

The RAIN Foundation’s newsletter is available by writing to: info@rainfoundation.org.

Courses

The most recent course of the Advanced International Training Programme entitled "Ecological Alternatives in Sanitation" is now available at the website of the EcoSanRes Programme www.ecosanres.org . All relevant details are itemised in the Brochure. Deadline for application is 1 June 2006, so be quick unless you are lucky enough to get an extension.

Target countries are: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Macedonia, Moldova, Russian Federation, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan.

For more information, contact Cecilia Ruben, Programme Development Manager, Stockholm Environment Institute on cecilia.ruben@sei.se .

WaterAid – Rainwater Harvesting and Ecological Sanitation in Uganda

WaterAid and its partners are always looking for new, cost effective and appropriate technologies that will not only help people gain access to a safe water supply and sanitation but which will also be easy to maintain and will last long into the future.

Persuading people to try out a new or different technology, that they may not have heard of or seen before, can sometimes be a difficult task, especially if trying to overcome cultural barriers. However, in the Mpigi district of Uganda WaterAid's partner Bucadef's approach to promoting composting latrines and rainwater harvesting is now winning them national acclaim. For the full article visit: http://www.wateraid.org/uk/what_we_do/where_we_work/uganda/4124.asp

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Harvesting Rain in the Horn of Africa

The ICRC is currently running water supply projects in Bakool, Bay, Gedo, Bas and Middle Juba. It is renovating bore holes, hand-dug wells and rainwater catchments. It is also delivering water to certain remote areas and distributing drums for stocking water. Number of beneficiaries: over 850,000 people.

Eight rainwater catchments are currently being upgraded in Bakool and Bay. The ICRC is teaching the communities there how to clean away the earth that was flooded into the catchments during the last rainy season. About 80 to 100 people are working on each project. They receive the necessary tools such as pick axes, crowbars, buckets and sandbags, as well as three dollars per day. This is enough money to feed their families. The full story is available on: http://www.icrc.org/web/fre/sitefre0.nsf/html/somalia-news-050406?opendocument

Conference News

An international conference on sustainable water management entitled "Rational Water Use, Wastewater Treatment and Reuse" (RUWTR 2006) will take place in Marrakech, Morocco, 8-10 June 2006. Organized by MEDAWARE and Zer0-M, topics will include: Water systems (water saving, suitable quality versus usage, greywater/blackwater segregation, wastewater treatment, reuse and
recycling) for Small rural communities, remote tourist facilities, and large urban administrative or leisure units; Household-centred water management; Rainwater harvesting for domestic use; Approaches for the assessment and valuation of safe wastewater agricultural reuse; Relevant policies and socioeconomic instruments; and Case studies. Contact: Prof. B. El Hamouri, Dept of Rural Engineering, Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II, Morocco, tel./fax: +212-37-777564,

b.elhamouri@iav.ac.ma ;

Prof. Omar Assobhei, Faculty of Sciences of El Jadida, Morocco,

fax: +212-23-342187, assobhei@ucd.ac.ma. More information: http://www.zer0-m.org/news.htm .

The second meeting of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), the Working Group on Integrated Water Resources Management will take place in Geneva, 26-27 June 2006. Official and unofficial documents for the meeting will be posted on the Water Convention's web site, http://www.unece.org/env/water/welcome.html .

To register for the meeting,

please complete the registration form which is available from www.unece.org/env/water/meetings/registrationmeeting.htm and transmit it to the UNECE secretariat no later than 10 days before the meeting – namely, by 12 June 2006 –

either by fax (+ 41 22 917 0107)

or by e-mail to olga.carlos@unece.org or to water.convention@unece.org.

The "3rd International Symposium on Integrated Water Resources Management" will take place at the Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany, 26-28 September 2006. This year’s title is "Reducing the Vulnerability of Societies against Water Related Risks at the Basin Scale". The symposium will strive to provide a holistic view of IWRM by facilitating the exchange and discussion of the diverse risks societies are facing, their underlying vulnerabilities, projected trends, as well as measures for successful IWRM that takes all stakeholders into consideration. The symposium will address the complex problems of water management with an interdisciplinary outlook, taking into account their hydrological, technical, environmental, as well as socio-economic aspects. The conference is organized by the International Association of Hydrological Sciences and its International Commission on Water Resources Systems, with the participation of Ruhr-University Bochum (Institute of Hydrology, Water Resources Management and Environmental Engineering); UNESCO-IHE Delft; United Nations University Bonn (Institute for Environment and Human Security); UNESCO-IHP / HWRP (International Hydrological Programme and the Hydrology and Water Resources Programme of WMO).

For full information go to: www.conventus.de/water or e-mail: water@conventus.de .

The 4th African Soil Science Society (ASSS) Conference entitled: "Impacts of climate change, global trade, urbanization and biotechnology on land use in Africa" will take place 7-13 January 2007 in Accra, Ghana. This conference aims to gather specialists interested in land use and sustainable land management in Africa, in the context of these serious emerging issues. The ASSS is a non-profit organization founded in1986. It has successfully organized three international conferences respectively in Kampala (1988), Cairo (1990) and Ibadan (1994). These conferences were focused on land management in irrigated and upland zones and Africa-based soil scientists from all over the world participated. The 2007 conference will be hosted by the Soil Science Society of Ghana in collaboration with IUSS, FAO, AfNet/CIAT, ICRISAT, IWMI, IFDC-Africa, UN-INRA. The initial dead-line for the submission of abstracts is 30 May 2006. For complete information please contact: soils_intconf@yahoo.co.uk or Marco.Nocita@fao.org

"International Conference on Secure and Sustainable Living: Social and Economic Benefits of Weather, Climate and Water Services will take place19-23 March 2007, in Madrid, Spain, jointly organised by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the Spanish Ministry of Environment. Weather-, climate- and water-sensitive decisions are made by millions of people worldwide each day. As part of the ongoing effort to improve security and sustainable living, WMO is holding this conference on the social and economic benefits of the products and services provided by the meteorological and hydrological community, especially the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services and WMO Members States. The conference will provide an important occasion for representatives of various sectors of society to describe how the environment impacts them; how weather, climate and water information helps them make decisions and reduce risks; and to outline what changes would be needed to improve decision-making. You can contact the conference secretariat on madrid07@wmo.int or visit http://www.wmo.int/Madrid07/ .

"The 4th International Conference on Fog, Fog Collection and Dew" organized by FogQuest will take place in La Serena, Chile, from 22-27 July 2007. Topics include: fog-water chemistry; effects of fog chemistry on forests; fog interaction with vegetation forests; fog-water chemistry at high elevations; fog interaction in forests and watersheds; fog collection and instrumentation; fog physics and modelling; fog climatology; fog hazards and impacts on industry; fog-water collection projects; spatial patterns of fog; coastal fog chemistry and fog chemistry; fog impacts in desert environments; developments in fog droplet chemistry analysis; developments in the forecasting of fog; dew measurements in deserts; dew measurements and chemistry; meteorology and fog modelling.

Contact Conference Chair, Prof. Pilar Cereceda, Universidad Católica de Chile, on dcereced@uc.cl or visit http://www.geo.puc.cl/Fogquest/Index.htm

IRHA Membership

For more than 3 years IRHA has been increasingly acknowledged as a unifying & influential voice in the field of RWH. It has established relationships with many RWH organisations, NGOs, CSOs, UN agencies, international & government agencies, companies & individuals worldwide.

IRHA - Maison Internationale de l'Environnement II - Chemin de Balexert 7- 9 - 1219 Genève - CH -
Tél. +41 22 797 41 57 - Fax +41 22 797 41 59 - secretariat@irha-h2o.org

Please go to http://www.irha-h2o.org & click on the link to membership.

With your help IRHA will continue to put RWH on the sustainable development agenda; to exchange ideas & experience; to influence policy at the international, national & local levels; to provide a vehicle for creating partnerships & to promote a globally representative approach, allowing regional & other variety.

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Thursday, June 29, 2006