Richard Melson

March 2006

Palestine Opinion Poll 19

Dr. Hussein Ahmad, Director

Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies at An-Najah National University

An-Najah National University

Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies

Tel: (972) (9) 2345113 Fax: (972)(9) 2345982

Nablus – Palestinian: P.O.Box 7, 707

Email: Polls@najah.edu hussein596@yahoo.com

http://www.najah.edu/english/Centers/polla.asp

Results of Palestinian Public Opinion Polls No 19

March 9-11, 2006

Hello,

Enclosed please find the major results of the 19th

Public Opinion Poll conducted between March 9-11 by

the Center of Opinion Poll and Survey Studies at

An-Najah National University.

We hope that you will be able to benefit from these

results and let us know of your observations, comments and advice.

Your response will be very much appreciated.

Thanks

Dr. Hussein Ahmad

Director, Opinion Polls and Survey Study Center

An-Najah National University

Background:

After the remarkable winning of The Reform and Change block of more that half of the seats of the Legislative Council, President Mahmoud Abbas asked Hamas to form the new Palestinian government. Earlier, Israel and the United States avowed that they will not support a government formed by Hamas; Israel even declared that it will deal with the new government as an enemy.

The new prime minister made a first step on the path of forming a new government by engaging in negotiations with the parliamentary coalitions in an attempt to make them join the new government. The general attitude, however, of the second largest parliamentary coalition (Fateh) tends to refrain from participating in a government led by Hamas.

The international position concerning the winning of Hamas is reflected negatively on the international aid given to the Palestinian Authority. Such reality threatens of a difficult financial crisis, the signs of which became apparent through the delay in paying the salaries of the employees of the public sector.

The Results:

Following are the results of the 19th Palestinian Public Opinion Poll conducted by the Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies at An-Najah National University during the period from March 9 to 11, 2006.

The University sponsors all polls conducted by its Center.

This poll undertakes the expectations and attitudes of the Palestinian people towards the new PLC, the formation of the new government and its agenda, in addition to political sympathies and other issues.

The sample included 1361 persons whose age group is 18 and above and who have the right to vote. The enclosed questionnaire was distributed on 860 persons from the West Bank and 501 persons from the Gaza Strip. The sample was drawn randomly and the margin of error is about 3%; still 8.8% of the members of the sample refused to answer the questionnaire.

* The Opinions represented in the results reflect those of the study; they do not represent by any means the opinion of An-Najah National University.

Major results:

  1. 58.5% from among respondents are content with the results of the legislative elections

  2. 48.2% from among respondents believe that the new Legislative Council is fully capable of performing its duties.

  3. 63.7% from among respondents believe that the members of the new Legislative Council are efficient.

  4. 69.4% from among respondents are content with the candidates who won in their electoral circles.

  5. 33.4% from among respondents know the names of all representatives of their electoral circle.

  6. 84.9% from among respondents have not received an invitation from the new LC members to discuss general concerns.

  7. 82.8% from among respondents say that the major achievement they like the New PLC to accomplish is freeing prisoners, and imposing law and order with a 81.4%.

  8. 33.9% from among respondents say that Hamas has the right to keep the major positions in the PLC for itself since it is the largest block; 8.7% say Hamas does not have that right.

  9. 73% from among respondents say that Hamas has the desire to form a government in which all political blocks in the PLC are represented; 20.1% say the opposite.

  10. 74.9% from among respondents reject the formation of a new government whose ministers are solely from Hamas.

  11. 87.7% from among respondents support the formation of a government which includes all the political affiliations represented in the PLC.

  12. 34.8% from among respondents are against a governmental agenda which reassures its commitment to all international agreements that the PLO committed itself to.

  13. 46.2% from among respondents believe that the agenda of the new government will respond positively to the international demands.

  14. 35.3% from among respondents say that the agenda of the new government will be in harmony with the presidential agenda.

  15. 76.1% from among respondents support the participation of Fateh in the new government.

  16. 70% from among respondents say that the participation of Fateh in the new government would serve its interests.

  17. 61.1% from among respondents say that the new government will be capable of drawing international aid to the Palestinian Authority.

  18. 71.1% from among respondents support a joining of Hamas to the PLO.

  19. 69.5% from among respondents say that the joining of Hamas to the PLO will serve Hamas' interest.

  20. 33.6% from among respondents say that if Hamas joins the PLO, it will be relieved from a direct recognition of Israel.

  21. 69.3% from among respondents say that the Palestinian Political system will be served if Hamas joins the PLO.

  22. 54.7% from among respondents support the recognition of Israel by Hamas if Israel agrees to withdraw from the 1967 occupied territories.

  23. 78.3% from among respondents believe that restoring dignity to the PLO is a necessary matter.

  24. 25% from among respondents say that the USA is not concerned with a successful Palestinian government led by Hamas, 37.2% say that the European Union is not concerned, 55.5% say Russia is not concerned and 55.7% say that the Arab countries are not concerned.

  25. 78% from among respondents believe that the new Palestinian government will be able to fight corruption in public institution, 69.8% say that it will be capable of eradicating all forms of security outlaw in the Palestinian streets. 65.5 % say that it will be capable of improving the economic situation, 65.1% say that it will be capable of alleviating poverty and unemployment, and 78% say that it will be capable of upgrading the level of health and educational services.

  26. From among respondents expect that the performance of the following institutions will be "good" with the following percentages:

  27. The new government 52%

    The Legislative Council 54.4%

    The Judicious System 58.9%

    The security apparatuses 48.5%.

  28. 46.9% from among respondents see that the state of democracy under the new government will be "good".

  29. 49.4% from among respondents say that the political system in Palestine is heading towards building a democratic system.

  30. 71.7% from among respondents say that the coming new government will respect human rights.

  31. 68% from among the respondents say that the coming government will respect the freedom of press in Palestine.

  32. 17.4% from among respondents say that under the coming new government, they will not be able to criticize the policies of the authority openly and without fear.

  33. 42.1% from among respondents believe that the Palestinian social system gives them the freedom to adopt any religion or thought they desire.

  34. 76.6% from among respondents do not feel safe neither for themselves nor for their families and properties.

  35. 64.8% from among respondents say that their place of habitation lacks a public health centre which works round the hour.

  36. 90.8% from among respondents say that they do not find the medications prescribed to them by governmental pharmacies.

  37. 49.3% from among respondents assess cleanliness in hospitals as inadequate; 59.4% say medical care is inadequate; 71.6% say the availability of medical equipment is inadequate.

  38. As for political affiliation respondents give the following results:

People’s Party

1.1

Democratic Front

1.1

Islamic Jihad

3.2

Fateh

28.1

Hamas

34.3

Fida

0.1

Popular Front

3.5

Palestinian National Initiative

0.7

I am an independent nationalist

3.6

I am an independent Islamist

3.7

None of the above

18.9

Others

1.6

The General Results

Are you content with the results of the Palestinian legislative elections?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

58.5

64.1

48.9

To some extent

18.5

15.5

23.8

No

21.5

18.7

26.1

No opinion/I do not know

1.5

1.7

1.2

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you think that the elected PLC will be able to execute fully all tasks that it is entrusted with?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

48.2

52.7

40.5

To some extent

24.6

23.5

26.5

No

21.4

19.3

25.0

No opinion/I do not know

5.8

4.5

8.0

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Generally speaking, do you believe that the members of the new legislative council are qualified to take such positions?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

63.7

71.4

50.5

No

21.9

18.7

27.3

No, opinion/I do not know

14.4

9.9

2.2

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Are you content with the representatives who won in your electoral circle?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

69.4

72.7

63.7

No

24.5

22.0

28.7

No opinion/I do not know

6.2

5.3

7.6

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you know the names of all the representatives (PLC members) who won in your electoral circle?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

All of them

33.4

28.7

41.3

Some of them

50.2

50.8

49.1

I do not know any one of them

15.7

20.1

8.0

I do not know/ No opinion

0.8

0.3

1.6

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Since the end of the elections, have you received an invitation from the PLC members to attend a meeting for the purpose of discussing general concerns?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

13.7

9.2

21.6

No

84.9

90.0

76.0

I do not know/ No opinion

1.4

0.8

2.4

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

On the general level, what is the main task that you hope the new Legislative Council will accomplish?

 

on a 0-10 scale

(mean)

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Upgrading the level of health and educational services

8.1550

8.1035

8.2435

Putting an end to poverty and unemployment

7.8868

7.7163

8.1769

Imposing the rule of law and order

8.1411

7.9651

8.4431

Effective supervision on the executive power

7.9699

7.8442

8.1856

Fighting corruption

8.7634

8.7686

8.7545

Freeing prisoners

8.2858

8.2035

8.4271

Some say that the main positions inside the PLC have been occupied by The Reform and Change block since it is the largest, some say that it has the right to do so, others say it does not, what is your opinion?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

It is its right since it is the largest block

33.9

34.5

32.7

It is not its right; it needs to involve other blocks

52.8

54.4

49.9

It is absolutely not its right

8.7

6.5

12.4

I do not know/ No opinion

4.7

4.5

5.0

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you think that Hamas is really interested in forming a government that involves all political affiliations that are in the New PLC?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

73.0

77.8

64.7

No

20.1

17.2

25.0

No opinion/I do not know

7.0

5.0

10.4

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you support or reject forming a government whose ministers are exclusively from Hamas?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

I support

21.8

22.9

20.0

I reject

74.9

74.2

76.0

No opinion/I do not know

3.3

2.9

4.0

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you support or reject the formation of a Palestinian government which involves all political parties represented in the PLC?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

I support

87.7

88.7

86.0

I reject

10.6

10.6

10.6

No opinion/I do not know

1.7

0.7

3.4

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Are you with or against a government agenda which reassures commitment to all international agreements that the PLO and the PA concluded?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

58.6

57.7

60.3

No

34.8

36.3

32.3

No opinion/I do not know

6.5

6.0

7.4

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you think that the program of the new government will respond positively to the international demands?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

36.2

39.2

31.1

No

49.3

49.1

49.7

No opinion/I do not know

14.5

11.7

19.2

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you think that the program that the new government will present will be in harmony with the program of President Abbas?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

35.3

37.9

30.7

No

49.1

49.1

49.1

No opinion/I do not know

15.7

13.0

20.2

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you support or reject the participation of members from Fateh in the new government that Hamas will form?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

I support

76.1

81.2

67.5

I reject

20.9

17.1

27.3

No opinion/I do not know

3.0

1.7

5.2

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you think that it is in favor of Fateh if it enters in agreement formed by Hamas?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

70.0

75.0

61.5

No

23.4

20.8

27.9

No opinion/I do not know

6.5

4.2

10.6

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you think that the coming Palestinian government will be able to draw international aids for the Palestinian Authority?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

61.1

65.8

52.9

No

27.0

26.0

28.7

No opinion/I do not know

11.9

8.1

18.4

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you support or reject Hamas' joining the PLO?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

I support

71.1

74.9

64.5

I reject

21.7

19.5

25.3

No opinion/I do not know

7.3

6.5

10.2

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you think that Hamas' joining of the PLO serves the interest of Hamas?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

69.5

71.2

66.7

No

21.3

21.0

21.8

No opinion/I do not know

9.2

7.8

11.6

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you think that if Hamas joins the PLO it will be relieved from a direct recognition of Israel?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

33.6

30.1

39.5

No

53.9

59.2

44.9

No opinion/I do not know

12.5

10.7

15.6

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you think that if Hamas joins the PLO, it will serve the interests of the Palestinian political system?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

69.3

73.0

62.9

No

20.4

19.9

21.4

No opinion/I do not know

10.3

7.1

15.8

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

If Israel agrees to withdraw from the 1967 occupied territories, do you support or reject a recognition of Israel by Hamas?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

I support

45.7

56.2

52.3

I reject

38.4

38.1

38.7

No opinion/I do not know

6.9

5.7

9.0

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you think that restoring dignity to the PLO is an important matter at this specific time?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

78.3

81.0

73.7

No

14.0

14.1

14.0

No opinion/I do not know

7.6

4.9

12.4

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you think that the USA is really concerned with a successful Palestinian government led by Hamas?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

25.0

25.9

23.4

No

67.6

70.1

63.3

No opinion/I do not know

7.4

4.0

13.4

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you think that the European Union is really concerned with a successful Palestinian government led by Hamas?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

37.2

39.8

32.7

No

52.5

53.5

5.7

No opinion/I do not know

10.4

6.7

16.6

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you think that Russia is really concerned with a successful Palestinian government led by Hamas?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

55.5

56.6

53.5

No

32.5

35.5

27.3

No opinion/I do not know

12.0

7.9

19.2

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you think that the Arab countries are really concerned with a successful Palestinian government led by Hamas?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

55.7

54.3

58.1

No

35.3

39.7

27.7

No opinion/I do not know

9.0

6.0

14.2

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you think that the coming government will be able to accomplish the following?

Total

 

Yes

No

No opinion /

I do not know

Total

Fighting corruption in public institutions

58.0

15.7

6.3

 

Eradicating all forms of security outlaw state in Palestinian streets.

69.8

22.6

7.6

100.0

Improving the economic situation.

65.5

25.2

9.3

100.0

Alleviating poverty and unemployment.

65.1

25.9

9.0

100.0

Upgrading health and educational services

78.0

14.7

7.3

100.0

West Bank

 

Yes

No

No opinion /

I do not know

Total

Fighting corruption in public institutions

84.1

14.1

1.9

100.0

Eradicating all forms of security outlaw state in Palestinian streets.

74.2

22.2

3.6

100.0

Improving the economic situation.

69.8

25.6

7.4

100.0

Alleviating poverty and unemployment.

69.3

26.3

4.4

100.0

Upgrading health and educational services

84.2

12.8

3.0

100.0

Gaza Strip

 

Yes

No

No opinion /

I do not know

Total

Fighting corruption in public institutions

67.5

18.6

14.0

100.0

Eradicating all forms of security outlaw state in Palestinian streets.

62.3

23.4

14.4

100.0

Improving the economic situation.

58.3

24.6

17.2

100.0

Alleviating poverty and unemployment.

57.9

25.1

17.0

100.0

Upgrading health and educational services

67.5

18.0

14.6

100.0

Under the new PLC, how do you expect the performance of each of the following institution to be?

Total

 

Good

Fair

Bad

No opinion /

I do not know

Total

The Palestinian government

52.0

33.3

8.6

6.1

100.0

The PLC

54.4

28.2

11.1

6.3

100.0

The Judicious system

58.9

24.8

8.2

8.2

100.0

The security apparatuses

48.5

31.7

13.1

6.7

100.0

West Bank

 

Good

Fair

Bad

No opinion /

I do not know

Total

The Palestinian government

54.2

36.4

6.5

2.6

100.0

The PLC

57.3

30.2

9.0

3.5

100.0

The Judicious system

63.7

24.1

6.9

5.3

100.0

The security apparatuses

51.7

32.6

11.9

3.8

100.0

Gaza Strip

 

Good

Fair

Bad

No opinion /

I do not know

Total

The Palestinian government

48.3

27.9

12.2

11.6

100.0

The PLC

49.3

24.8

14.8

11.2

100.0

The Judicious system

50.5

26.1

10.4

13.0

100.0

The security apparatuses

42.9

30.3

15.2

11.6

100.0

As for the state of democracy in Palestine under the coming government, how will it fare?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Good

46.9

50.6

40.5

Fair

34.6

34.1

35.5

Bad

12.0

10.7

14.2

No opinion/I do not know

6.5

4.7

9.8

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

After the second legislative elections, do you believe that the political system in Palestine is heading towards building a democratic system?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

49.4

52.8

43.5

Partially

31.4

29.0

35.7

No

14.3

14.1

14.6

No opinion/I do not know

4.9

4.2

6.2

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you think that the coming government will respect human rights in Palestine?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

71.7

78.3

60.5

Partially

17.0

13.4

23.4

No

7.4

6.0

9.8

No opinion/I do not know

3.8

2.3

6.4

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you think that the coming government will respect the freedom of press in Palestine?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

68.0

73.7

58.3

Partially

19.3

16.7

23.6

No

8.4

7.2

10.6

No opinion/I do not know

4.3

2.3

7.6

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Under the coming government, do you believe that you can criticize the policies of the Palestinian Authority openly and without fear?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

56.5

60.5

49.7

Partially

19.9

17.0

25.0

No

17.4

19.2

14.4

No opinion/I do not know

6.2

3.4

11.0

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you think that the Palestinian social system gives you the freedom of adopting the religion or thought that you desire?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

42.1

45.3

36.5

Partially

15.4

13.0

19.9

No

38.4

39.7

36.3

No opinion/I do not know

4.0

2.0

7.6

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Under the current local security conditions that we go through, do you feel that you, your family and properties are secure?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

22.3

21.2

24.4

Partially

22.7

19.3

28.5

No

53.9

59.0

45.3

No opinion/I do not know

1.0

0.6

1.8

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

In your area of habitation, is there a public health centre that offers services 24 hours?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

32.5

24.7

45.9

No

64.8

73.4

50.1

No opinion/I do not know

2.7

2.0

4.0

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

When you visit a hospital or a public health centre in your area of habitation and the doctor writes you a prescription, do you find the prescribed medications in the public health centre or hospital?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Always

8.7

10.1

6.3

Sometimes

61.9

54.7

74.3

Always unavailable

28.2

34.5

19.2

No opinion/I do not know

0.5

0.7

0.2

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

How do you assess the performance of public hospitals in your area of habitation?

Total

Total

 

Suitable

Unsuitable

Total

Cleanliness

50.7

49.3

100.0

Number of beds

38.2

61.8

100.0

Medical care

40.6

59.4

100.0

Time of visits

61.1

38.9

100.0

Availability of medications

22.8

77.2

100.0

Availability of medical apparatuses.

28.4

71.6

100.0

West Bank

 

Suitable

Unsuitable

Total

Cleanliness

47.1

52.9

100.0

Number of beds

32.3

67.7

100.0

Medical care

36.3

63.7

100.0

Time of visits

61.1

38.9

100.0

Availability of medications

22.3

77.7

100.0

Availability of medical apparatuses.

30.1

69.9

100.0

Gaza Strip

 

Suitable

Unsuitable

Total

Cleanliness

56.9

43.1

100.0

Number of beds

48.3

51.7

100.0

Medical care

47.9

52.1

100.0

Time of visits

61.1

38.9

100.0

Availability of medications

23.6

76.4

100.0

Availability of medical apparatuses.

25.7

74.3

100.0

Which of the following political affiliations do you support?

PARTY

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

People’s Party

1.1

1.6

0.2

Democratic Front

1.1

1.0

1.2

Islamic Jihad

3.2

3.0

3.6

Fateh

28.1

26.6

30.7

Hamas

34.3

33.8

35.1

Fida

0.1

0.0

0.4

Popular Front

3.5

2.2

5.4

Palestinian National Initiative

0.7

0.5

1.2

I am an independent nationalist

3.6

3.0

4.6

I am an independent Islamist

3.7

3.5

4.0

None of the above

18.9

23.1

11.6

Others

1.6

1.5

1.8

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Poll No. 19

Attachment: Poll19results.doc (0.28 MB)

Hussein Ahmad hussein596@yahoo.com

Sunday, March 12, 2006