Richard Melson

September 2006

Palestine Poll Data

http://www.najah.edu

An-Najah National University

Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies

Tel: (972) (9) 2345113 Fax: (972)(9) 2345982

Nablus – Palestinian: P.O.Box 7, 707

Email: Polls@najah.edu hussein596@yahoo.com

Results of Palestinian Public Opinion Poll

No 23

September 7-9, 2006

Background

Employees at public institutions went into an open strike after six months of not receiving their salaries and after the absence of any hope in the horizon for the Palestinian Government to secure a regular payment of their salaries. The strike was interpreted by some as an attempt to cause the Government to collapse; others saw the strike as a legal right that aims to enable employees to obtain their financial rights without any political intentions.

On the other side of the scene, President Abbas and Prime Minister Hanyyia are leading negotiations to arrive at an agreement to form a national coalition government according to an agenda that would be approved by all Palestinian factions, particularly Hamas and Fateh.

Within the current political, financial and security crisis that the Palestinian people in the 1967 occupied territories are going through, some voices arose calling for a comprehensive solution for all of these problems. Some called for dissolving the Palestinian Authority after questioning its expediency; others called for new Presidential and PLC elections as a possible solution for the deteriorating political, economic and security realities. Such voices, however, fall on deaf ears as the official level is concerned; be it the Presidency or the Government.

The Results

Following are the results of the 23rd Palestinian Public Opinion Poll conducted by the Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies at An-Najah National University during the period from September 7 to 9, 2006. The University sponsors all polls conducted by its Center.

This poll undertakes the Palestinian public opinion with reference to the new political realities, particularly the strike of government employees, the formation of a national coalition government, conducting early presidential and PLC elections, Palestinian views of methods and forms of resistance and an assessment of the performance of Palestinian institutions, particularly universities.

The opinions represented in the results reflect those of the study; they do not represent by any means the opinion of An-Najah National University.

The sample included 1360 persons whose age group is 18 and above and who have the right to vote. The enclosed questionnaire was distributed on 860 persons from the West Bank and 500 persons from the Gaza Strip. The sample was drawn randomly and the margin of error is about 3%; still 4.7% of the members of the sample refused to answer the questionnaire.

The General Results:

People’s Party

1.0%

Democratic Front

1.7%

Islamic Jihad

3.3%

Fateh

36.2%

Hamas

20.7%

Fida

0.6%

Popular Front

4.6%

Palestinian National Initiative

0.8%

I am an independent nationalist

6.5%

I am an independent Islamist

3.6%

None of the above

20.5%

Others

0.6%

The General Results of the Poll

Are you optimistic or pessimistic towards the general Palestinian situation at this stage?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Optimistic

32.0

28.6

37.8

Pessimistic

66.2

70.1

59.4

No opinion/I do not know

1.8

1.3

2.8

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Under the current situation, do you feel that you, your family and your properties are secure?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

11.8

10.9

13.4

To some extent I do

28.5

24.8

34.8

No

59.5

64.2

51.4

No opinion/I do not know

0.2

0.1

0.4

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Under the current circumstances in which direction has your economic situation developed?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Towards the best

5.5

3.7

8.6

Towards the worst

73.5

77.0

67.6

It stayed the same

21.0

19.3

23.8

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

In General do you support or reject the strike of government employees?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

I strongly support

27.3

17.7

43.8

I support

36.5

42.0

27.0

I reject

26.5

31.7

17.4

I strongly reject

7.8

6.2

10.6

No opinion/I do not know

2.0

2.4

1.2

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0


 

 

 

 

 

 

In general, do you support or reject the strike of public schools teachers?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

I strongly support

25.8

17.4

40.2

I support

33.2

36.6

27.4

I reject

29.4

36.0

18.0

I strongly reject

10.0

7.9

13.6

No opinion/I do not know

1.5

2.0

0.8

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Regardless of your support or rejection of the strike,

do you believe that the demands of employees are just?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

74.6

85.5

55.8

To some extent they are

17.9

9.9

31.8

No

6.3

4.0

10.2

No opinion/I do not know

1.3

0.7

2.2

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How do you assess the position of the Palestinian Government

towards the demands of the employees?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Very good

9.6

6.0

15.6

Good

29.5

31.9

25.4

Bad

36.5

41.3

28.4

Very Bad

18.2

12.8

27.6

No opinion/I do not know

6.2

8.0

3.0

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How do you assess the position of the Palestinian Presidency

towards the demands of the employees?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Very good

9.3

3.5

19.2

Good

33.8

29.8

40.6

Bad

35.8

41.9

25.4

Very Bad

13.7

14.9

11.6

No opinion/I do not know

7.5

10.0

3.2

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How do you assess the position of the PLC towards the demands of the employees?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Very good

7.5

3.4

13.0

Good

29.8

29.7

30.0

Bad

36.8

40.3

30.8

Very bad

15.1

10.6

22.8

No opinion/I do not know

10.4

15.1

3.4

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Do you believe that the strike is the ideal way for employees to obtain their rights?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

55.4

54.0

57.8

No

40.4

42.6

36.8

No opinion/I do not know

4.2

3.5

5.4

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

If the current government can not secure funds to pay salaries regularly,

what is the solution in your opinion?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Dissolving the current Government

48.2

45.5

52.8

Accepting reality and going back to work

25.0

23.1

28.2

Other

21.6

27.2

12.0

No opinion/I do not know

5.2

4.2

7.0

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

There is an on-going debate among the Palestinian factions

for the formation of a coalition government. Do you believe that the debate will succeed?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

50.4

48.7

53.2

No

37.9

40.7

33.2

No opinion/I do not know

11.7

10.6

13.6

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

Do you support or reject the formation of a coalition government?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

I support

84.9

85.8

83.2

I reject

11.3

10.6

12.4

No opinion/I do not know

3.9

3.6

4.4

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

If a national coalition government is formed, do you think that it

will be capable of uplifting the political and financial siege imposed on the PA?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

63.0

62.0

64.8

No

29.6

28.7

23.0

No opinion/I do not know

10.4

9.3

12.2

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

Do you think that Fateh is really concerned with forming a national coalition government?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

51.6

49.0

56.2

No

34.5

37.1

30.0

No opinion/I do not know

13.9

14.0

3.8

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

Do you think that Hamas is really concerned with forming a national coalition government?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

44.6

46.4

41.6

No

40.8

39.5

43.0

No opinion/I do not know

14.6

14.1

15.4

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

In your opinion, whose interest would a national coalition government serve?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Fateh's interest

10.2

10.0

10.6

Hamas' interest

7.8

4.5

13.4

The interest of all Palestinian people.

73.8

77.2

67.8

No opinion/I do not know

8.2

8.3

8.2

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In your opinion, how would the current financial and political crisis be bridged?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Dissolving the Palestinian Authority

16.5

16.9

16.0

Conducting early legislative and presidential elections

20.4

20.1

20.8

Dissolving the current Palestinian Government and forming a new one

31.0

28.6

35.0

Leaving things as they are awaiting a breakthrough

24.1

25.6

21.6

No opinion/I do not know

8.0

8.8

6.6

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Do you think that conducting early legislative elections will

form a coup against the results of the last elections?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

59.0

62.9

52.4

No

33.3

29.0

40.8

No opinion/I do not know

7.6

8.1

6.8

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

Do you think that conducting early presidential elections will

form a coup against the results of the last elections?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

47.1

52.8

37.4

No

43.2

37.7

52.6

No opinion/I do not know

9.7

9.5

10.0

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

Do you support or reject early legislative elections?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

I strongly support

23.1

10.1

45.4

I support

37.3

44.5

24.8

I reject

26.3

34.2

12.8

I strongly reject

8.3

5.6

13.0

No opinion/I do not know

5.0

5.6

4.0

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you support or reject early presidential elections?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

I strongly support

19.1

11.7

31.8

I support

36.8

42.3

27.4

I reject

30.6

35.3

22.4

I strongly reject

8.3

5.5

13.2

No opinion/I do not know

5.1

5.1

5.2

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you think that conducting early legislative elections will help

Palestinian people to overcome the current crisis that they go through?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

51.5

46.2

60.6

No

38.5

44.4

28.4

No opinion/I do not know

10.0

9.4

11.0

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

If presidential elections were held now, which one of the following candidates would you vote for?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Fateh's candidate

34.9

28.7

45.6

Hamas' candidate

17.4

17.3

17.4

A national independent candidate

12.1

12.2

12.0

An Islamist independent candidate

6.8

7.9

5.0

A candidate of the leftist movements

3.8

2.9

5.4

None of the above

20.9

26.2

11.8

No opinion/I do not know

4.0

4.8

2.8

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

If legislative elections were held now, which one of the following blocs would you vote for?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Fateh's bloc

34.8

29.9

43.2

Hamas' bloc

18.8

18.5

19.4

An independent nationalist bloc

10.4

10.8

9.8

An independent Islamist bloc

6.2

7.1

4.6

The leftist movements bloc

5.1

4.0

7.2

None of the above

20.7

25.2

13.0

No opinion/I do not know

3.9

4.5

2.8

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

If early legislative elections were held and only tow blocs ran for elections,

which one would you vote for?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

A coalition between Hamas and other Islamic factions

25.1

27.3

21.2

A coalition of PLO parties

42.6

38.0

50.6

I will vote for neither of them

26.6

28.3

23.8

No opinion/I do not know

5.7

6.4

4.4

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you think that early presidential and legislative elections will help

Palestinian people to overcome the current political and financial crisis?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Yes

29.9

27.8

33.6

Maybe

39.8

35.8

46.6

No

26.5

32.2

16.6

No opinion/I do not know

3.8

4.2

3.2

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you support or reject armed Palestinian operations inside Israel?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

I strongly support

21.5

14.7

33.4

I support

39.8

44.2

32.2

I reject

25.0

29.4

17.4

I strongly reject

7.8

4.9

12.8

No opinion/I do not know

5.9

6.9

4.2

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Do you support or reject limiting Palestinian resistance against

Israel to the 1967 occupied territories in addition to political negotiations?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

I strongly support

17.8

13.4

25.4

I support

44.5

51.6

32.2

I reject

21.0

23.1

17.4

I strongly reject

9.9

3.5

21.0

No opinion/I do not know

6.8

8.4

4.0

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you support or reject the launching of rockets by Palestinian factions against Israel from the Gaza Strip?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

I strongly support

19.3

14.5

27.6

I support

33.2

38.6

24.0

I reject

31.8

34.8

26.8

I strongly reject

10.7

6.0

18.8

No opinion/I do not know

4.9

6.0

2.8

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Do you think that launching rockets against Israel from the Strip

will hurt or serve the national Palestinian resistance?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

It will serve

36.5

35.0

39.2

It will hurt

36.7

38.8

33.0

It is useless

21.5

20.7

23.0

No opinion/I do not know

5.2

5.5

4.8

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

In your opinion and within the current local and international circumstances,

what form of resistance would best serve the Palestinian cause?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Nonviolent struggle

10.4

11.9

8.0

Armed struggle

36.0

33.7

40.0

Diplomatic struggle

13.4

11.7

16.2

Resorting to negotiations as before

29.4

29.9

28.6

Other

5.7

7.4

2.8

No opinion/I do not know

5.0

5.3

4.4

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Under the current circumstances, how do you assess the performance of Palestinian Universities?

 

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

Very good

20.2

19.2

22.0

Good

50.1

52.6

46.0

Bad

17.2

17.0

17.6

Very bad

6.5

4.5

9.9

No opinion/I do not know

6.0

6.7

4.6

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Regardless of distance, place of dwelling or the social and financial circumstances,

if you are to give advice to a student to join a university in the West Bank,

which one of the following will you advise him/her to join?

 

West Bank

The American University in Jenin

2.4

Birzeit University

24.4

Bethlehem University

8.5

An Najah National University

43.8

Al Quds University

4.0

Al Quds Open University

14.1

Hebron University

10.8

No opinion/I do not know

3.7

Total

100.0

Regardless of distance, place of dwelling or the social and financial circumstances,

if you are to give advice to a student to join a university in the Gaza Strip,

which one of the following will you advise him/her to join?

 

Total

Al Azhar University

18.4

The Islamic University

39.8

Al Aqsa University

22.8

Al Quds Open University

12.4

No opinion/I do not know

6.6

Total

100.0

In general how do you assess the performance of the following Palestinian institutions?

 

Total

 

Good

bad

No opinion/

I do not know

The Palestinian Presidency

49.8

44.1

6.1

The Palestinian Government

40.1

51.9

7.9

The PLC

37.4

52.6

10.0

The Judicial System

30.8

53.2

16.0

The Security Apparatuses

33.0

56.3

10.7

 

West Bank

 

Good

Bad

No opinion/

I do not know

The Palestinian Presidency

40.3

51.9

7.8

The Palestinian Government

37.2

52.6

10.2

The PLC

37.2

50.3

12.4

The Judicial System

29.3

55.1

15.6

The Security Apparatuses

27.8

63.1

9.1

 

Gaza Strip

 

Good

Bad

No opinion/

I do not know

The Palestinian Presidency

66.0

30.8

3.2

The Palestinian Government

45.2

50.8

4.0

The PLC

37.6

56.6

5.8

The Judicial System

33.4

49.8

16.8

The Security Apparatuses

42.0

44.4

13.6

Which of the following political affiliations do you support?

PARTY

Total

West Bank

Gaza Strip

People’s Party

1.0

0.7

1.4

Democratic Front

1.7

1.4

2.2

Islamic Jihad

3.3

2.3

5.0

Fateh

36.2

31.0

45.0

Hamas

20.7

21.4

19.6

Fida

0.6

0.2

1.2

Popular Front

4.6

2.9

7.4

Palestinian National Initiative

0.8

0.8

0.8

I am an independent nationalist

6.5

6.0

7.2

I am an independent Islamist

3.6

4.0

3.0

None of the above

20.5

28.6

6.6

Others

0.6

0.6

0.6

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

Hello; Enclosed please find the major results of the 23rd Public Opinion Poll conducted between September 7-9 by the Center of Opinion Poll and Survey Studies at An-Najah National University. This poll undertakes the Palestinian public opinion with reference to the new political realities, particularly the strike of government employees, the formation of a national coalition government, conducting early presidential and PLC elections, Palestinian views of methods and forms of resistance and an assessment of the performance of Palestinian institutions, particularly universities. We hope that you will be able to benefit from these results and let us know of your observations, comments and advice.

Your response will be very much appreciated.

Thanks Dr. Hussein Ahmad Director,

Opinion Polls and Survey Study Center An-Najah National University

Poll No. 23

Attachment: poll23results.doc (0.28 MB)

Hussein Ahmad hussein596@yahoo.com

Sunday, September 10, 2006